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The PA program learning outcomes represent the knowledge, interpersonal, clinical and technical skills, professional behaviors and clinical reasoning and problem-solving abilities required for graduation and entry into PA practice.

The program learning outcomes were adapted from the Association of American Medical Colleges 2014 document "Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency." This is a guidance document for medical curriculum developers and educators that combines knowledge, skills and abilities associated with the recognized competencies necessary for a medical student to enter residency. 

Additionally, the medical and PA faculty of UT's PA program (in consultation with the medical education advisory committee) reviewed, revised and approved the PLOs. This process ensures that the PLOs are representative of current standards of medical care and education and are representative of the PA program's mission and goals. 

When given a clinical scenario or other student assessment, the PA student will demonstrate the following knowledge, skills and abilities in the categories of: patient care, knowledge for practice (medical knowledge), practice-based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, system-based practice, interprofessional collaboration and personal and professional development.  

ARC-PA Standard

 

Program Learning Outcome

 

 

PATIENT CARE: Provide patient-centered care that is compassionate, appropriate and effective for the treatment of health problems and the promotion of health. 

B2.07

PC 1

Perform all technical skills and procedures considered essential for entry into PA practice (see list of program-identified core skills and procedures) and become certified in BLS, ACLS and PALS

B1.07

B2.05

B2.06

PC 2

Evaluate patients of all ages by gathering essential and accurate information about the condition through history-taking, physical examination and the use of laboratory data, imaging and other tests and develop an appropriate differential diagnosis. 

B2.06

PC 3

Organize and prioritize care based on presentation as preventive, emergent, acute, chronic, rehabilitative and end of life

B2.05

PC 4

Interpret laboratory data, imaging studies and other tests required for the area of practice

B1.07

B2.02d

PC 5

Make informed decisions about diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based on patient information and preferences, up-to-date scientific evidence and clinical judgment

B2.05

B2.06

PC 6

Develop and carry out patient management plans for patients of all ages in multiple practice settings and types

B2.04

B2.09

PC 7

Counsel and educate patients and their families to empower them to participate in their care and enable shared decision-making

B2.05

PC 8

Provide appropriate referral of patients including ensuring continuity of care throughout transitions between providers or settings

B2.12

PC 9

Provide health care services to patients, families and communities aimed at preventing health problems or maintaining health

 

 

KNOWLEDGE FOR PRACTICE: Demonstrate knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social-behavioral sciences, as well as the application of this knowledge to patient care

B2.02 A

B2.02 B

B.2.02 E

KP 1

Apply knowledge of human genetics, molecular biology, anatomy and physiology to the clinical evaluation of patients.

B1.02

KP 2

Apply established and emerging biophysical scientific principles fundamental to health care for patients and populations.

B2.02C

KP 3

Apply knowledge of human pathophysiology to clinical evaluation of patients.

B2.12

KP 4

Apply principles of epidemiological sciences to the identification of health problems, risk factors, treatment strategies, resources and disease prevention/health promotion efforts for patients and populations.

B2.08

KP 5

Apply principles of social-behavioral sciences to provision of patient care, including assessment of the impact of psychosocial-cultural influences on health, disease, care-seeking, care-compliance and barriers to and attitudes toward care.

 

 

PRACTICE-BASED LEARNING AND IMPROVEMENT: Demonstrate the ability to investigate and evaluate one's care of patients, to appraise and assimilate scientific evidence and to continuously improve patient care based on constant self-evaluation and lifelong learning.

B1.05

PBLI 1

Identify strengths, deficiencies and limits in one’s knowledge and expertise to set learning and improvement goals.

B2.10

PBLI 2

Locate, appraise and assimilate evidence from scientific studies related to patients’ health problems.

B2.10

PBLI 3

Use information technology to search common medical databases and access medical literature to optimize learning.

B2.10

PBLI 4

Identify, analyze and implement new knowledge, guidelines, standards, technologies, products or services that have been demonstrated to improve outcome and apply to individual patient care.

 

 

INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS: Demonstrate interpersonal and communication skills that result in the effective exchange of information and collaboration with patients, their families and health professionals

B1.06

ICS 1

Communicate effectively with patients, families and the public, as appropriate, across a broad range of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.

B2.04

ICS 2

Communicate effectively through written, electronic and spoken word with colleagues within one’s profession or specialty, other health professionals and health-related agencies.

B2.04

ICS 3

Demonstrate sensitivity, honesty and compassion in difficult conversations. (e.g., about issues such as death, end-of-life issues, adverse events, bad news, disclosure of errors and other sensitive topics)

B2.08

ICS 4

Demonstrate insight and understanding about age-specific human responses to illness, injury and/or stress that allow one to develop and manage interpersonal interactions.

 

 

PROFESSIONALISM: Demonstrate a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities and an adherence to ethical principles

B1.05

P1

Demonstrate respect for patient privacy and autonomy, abiding by the social media and HIPAA policies.

B1.06

P2

Demonstrate sensitivity and responsiveness to a diverse patient population, including but not limited to diversity in gender, age, culture, race, religion, disabilities and sexual orientation.

C3.02

P3

Demonstrate professional behavior that encompasses the principals of honesty, integrity, empathy and respect, advocacy, self-awareness, personal accountability, teamwork, responsibility for learning, balance and avoidance of conflicts of interest, courtesy and compassion, in a pattern of moral and ethical interactions with others. (UT program-defined professional expectations)

 

 

SYSTEMS-BASED PRACTICE: Demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care, as well as the ability to call effectively on other resources in the system to provide optimal health care

B2.11

SBP 1

Work effectively in various health care delivery settings and systems recognizing the impact of health policy on the delivery of care in various health settings

B2.15

SBP 2

Demonstrate knowledge of appropriate documentation of care, coding, billing and reimbursement

B2.13

SBP 3

Participate in identifying system errors and implementing potential systems solutions

 

 

INTERPROFESSIONAL COLLABORATION: Demonstrate the ability to engage in an interprofessional team in a manner that optimizes safe, effective patient and population-centered care

B1.08

ICS 1

Work with other health professionals to establish and maintain a climate of mutual respect, dignity, diversity, ethical integrity and trust 

B1.08

ICS 2

Use the knowledge of one’s own role and those of other professions to appropriately assess and address the health care needs of the patients and populations served

B1.08

ICS 3

Communicate with other health professionals in a responsive and responsible manner that supports the maintenance of health and the treatment of disease in individual patients and populations

 

 

PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: Demonstrate the qualities required to sustain lifelong personal and professional growth 

B1.05

PPD 1

Recognize healthy coping mechanisms to respond to stress         

B1.05

PPD 2

Recognize strategies to manage conflict between personal and professional responsibilities 

B2.17

PPD 3

Demonstrate knowledge of the PA profession, its historical development and current trends

 

PPD 4

Recognize that ambiguity is part of clinical health care and respond by using appropriate resources in dealing with uncertainty

B2.14

PPD 5

Demonstrate knowledge of PA licensure, credentialing and laws and regulations regarding professional practice


Core Skills and Procedures
 

The purpose of this list is to provide information regarding the core skills/procedures that the program has identified as those necessary for entry into clinical practice. 

VASCULAR ACCESS AND GENERAL SKILLS

  • Venipuncture
  • Arterial puncture
  • Peripheral IV catheterization
  • External Jugular catheterization
  • Intramuscular, subcutaneous, intradermal injections

EENT SKILLS

  • Foreign body removal from skin, eyes, nose, and/or ears
  • Visual acuity and color vision screening
  • Eye examination (w/fluorescein staining)
  • Irrigation of the external auditory canal
  • Anterior nasal packing

CARDIOVASCULAR SKILLS

  • Doppler assessment of peripheral pulses and/or prenatal fetal heart rate
  • Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation according to ACLS guidelines
  • Defibrillation and cardioversion

RESPIRATORY SKILLS

  • Pharyngeal suctioning
  • Tracheal and bronchial suctioning 
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) placement
  • Chest needle decompression/chest tube insertion

GI/GU SKILLS

  • Urinary bladder catheterization
  • Naso-/oro- gastric intubation and lavage

 ORTHOPEDIC SKILLS

  • Splinting
  • Arthrocentesis/intra-articular injection of the large joints (knee) 

NEUROLOGY SKILLS

  • Lumbar puncture

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SKILLS

  • Collection of urethral, vaginal and/or cervical specimens for STI testing
  • Collection of vaginal and cervical specimens for cytologic (PAP) examination

SURGICAL SKILLS

  • Aseptic technique
  • Surgical scrub, gown and glove
  • Administration of local anesthesia and/or digital nerve blocks
  • Wound closure with sutures, liquid skin adhesive, steri-strips and/or staples
  • Superficial wound incision and drainage and packing
  • Wound care and dressing
  • Skin punch, excisional and/or shave biopsy procedures

LIFE SUPPORT SKILLS- Demonstrated through successful certification process

  • Basic life support (BLS) procedures
  • Advance cardiac life support (ACLS) procedures
  • Pediatric cardiac life support (PALS) procedures