1993, Central America University, B.A.
1998, Technological Institute of Mexico, M.A.
2002, Claremont Graduate University, M.A.
2005, Claremont Graduate University, Ph.D.
Karla Borja is currently exploring economic development issues in the region of Latin America. Her most recent empirical research is related to the concepts of migration, remittances and the factors driving international capital flows to Latin America. Her research contributes to the understanding of economic and social channels linking developed and developing nations. She has published in the American Economic Review.
"The IMF and the Relevance of the SDDS: An
Application of the Principal-Agent Model," Economic Bulletin of
the Central Bank of El Salvador (1999); "The Effects of Foreign Direct
Investment on Economic Growth: The Case for Central America," Economic
Bulletin of the Central Bank of El Salvador (1999). "The Impact
of Home and Host Country Business Cycles on Remittances: The Case of El
Salvador," Latin America Journal of Economics (submitted January
2012); Borja, K. Social Capital, Remittances and Growth. European Journal
of Development Research, January 9, 2014, doi:10.1057/ejdr.2013.32.;
Borja, K. "International Private Transfers and Labor Participation in El
Salvador," Journal of International and Global Economic Studies, Vol
.6, No. 2, December 2013. Funded by The University of Tampa David Delo
Research Professor Grant.; Borja, K., Irvine, M., Land, T., and Wilson, R.
"Ignite your Bliss: A Case Study on Cost Curves Analysis," Journal of
Business Case Studies, Vol. 9, No.5, September-October 2013.; Borja,
K., Churchill, Z., Papa, M. and Wagner, M. "Game Theory and the New Entrant:
Independence Bank and USFFCU," Journal of Business Cases and Applications,
Vol. 9, No.5, September-October 2013; Borja, K. "Home and Host
Country Business Cycles and Remittances: The Case of El Salvador and The
Dominican Republic," Applied Econometrics and International Development,
Vol. 13, No.2, July-December, 2013; Borja, K. "The U.S. and Latin American
Business Cycles: Too Close, Too Far?" The Tampa Bay Economy,
University of Tampa Semi-Annual Review, Summer 2013; Borja, K. "The Impact
of the US Recession on Immigrant Remittances in Central America.," Journal
of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Volume No.03,
Issue No. 3, pp. 1-24, August 2012; Borja, K. "What Drives Remittances to Latin
America? A Review of the Literature," International Journal of Business
and Social Science, Vol. 3 No. 17, pp. 33-44, September, 2012; Borja,
K, Zak, P. et al. "Testosterone
Administration Decreases Generosity in the Ultimatum Game," PLoS One
Scientific and Medical Research, Vol. 4, No. 12, 2009. Funded by the
MacArthur Foundation.; Borja, K. Zak, P. Metzler, W, and Kurzban, R. "The
Neuroeconomics of Distrust: Sex Differences in Behavior and Physiology," American
Economic Review, Vol. 95, No.2, 2005.
Conference presentations include:
"The Impact of the U.S. and El Salvador Business Cycles on Remittances," at the Midwest Economics Association, St Louis (2011); "Trade and Economic Growth: The Role of Trade Policy Instability," at the American Economic Association - ASSA Program (2007); presentations at the Annual Allied Social Sciences Association Meeting (2005); International Studies Association West (2004); Central Bank of El Salvador Monthly Technical Conference (2004); Western Economics Association International (2004); Humane Studies Research Colloquium, Institute for Humane Studies (2004).